Research and Documentation
AltaVista lets you search the Web using either subject directories or key words and phrases.
Use ask.com to search the Web or use search tools to find news, images, or maps.
Dogpile performs searches using a variety of engines simultaneously, including Google, Yahoo! Search, Ask.com, and Windows Live Search.
Go allows you to search Web sites through Yahoo! Search, browse popular categories, and use family-friendly tools to find information on weather, movies, crafts, recipes and more.
Google performs key word searches of “billions of web pages” with “interfaces available in more than 100 languages and more than 150 country domains.”
HotBot searches through Go.com, Yahoo! Search, and MSN, offers several custom skins, and can narrow results by domain type, language, and country.
Ixquick is a speedy metasearch tool that searches many other engines, rates the relevance of search results, and ensures high privacy standards for users.
Lycos Search “is one of the oldest, and most recognizable, search engines in the world,” offering search categories including image, videos, people, business, and news.
WebCrawler performs key word searches using multiple search engines simultaneously, eliminating any duplicate listings from the results.
Yahoo! allows you either to search directories related to particular subjects (such as entertainment or education) or to enter keyword searches.
This search engine uses keywords and ranks results for relevancy, hailing itself as the "metasearch preferred by parents and webmasters alike" because of its filters, this search engine uses key words and also ranks results for relevancy.
- Berkeley Digital Library
Berkeley's Digital Library offers search tools and catalogs for finding information in digital collections around the world.
- Columbia Encyclopedia
Claiming to be "among the most complete and up-to-date encyclopedia ever produced," the Sixth Edition of the Columbia Encyclopedia contains over fifty thousand entries with more than eighty thousand hypertext cross-references.
- Google Groups
Sometimes you can't find anyone who can talk with you about a topic. If so, try Google Groups, a tool for searching Usenet discussion groups.
- The Internet Public Library
The IPL features useful online reference tools, e-texts, and links to other libraries and research sites on the Internet.
- The Universal Digital Library
Hosted by Carnegie Mellon University, this site offers links to books, library collections, journals, and multimedia resources. Its mission is to provide "access to all human knowledge—anytime, anywhere."
LINKS FOR DOING ONLINE RESEARCH
- A+ Research and Writing
The Internet Public Library offers this step-by-step approach to doing research, focusing on the beginning of research: preparing the assignment, discovering information, formulating a thesis, and gathering information. This site has many useful links for both writing and research.
- Bedford/St. Martin's English Research Room
Maintained by Bedford/St. Martin's, this site is a helpful source for information on conducting Internet research and writing research papers.
- Finding Information on the Internet: A Tutorial
Maintained by the University of California at Berkeley's library, this site is continually updated and keeps track of new trends in search engine protocols and browser developments, incorporating them into self-directed tutorials.
- Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing
This site from the University of Maine at Farmington gives examples and tips on how to avoid plagiarism by quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing effectively. Also see "What is Plagiarism?" and "How Can You Avoid Plagiarism?"
- The Chicago Manual of Style
This site features FAQs, suggestions, and links to help you style your online and print documents consistently.
- Citation Guides for Internet and Electronic Sources
The University of Alberta offers this list of style guides, online and off. It is one of the most comprehensive of such lists, with lots of useful links.
- Electronic Reference Formats Recommended by the American Psychological Association
This page gives the APA's most recent advice about using and citing Internet sources.
- The Modern Language Association
The MLA's Web site includes a limited amount of advice—including a useful FAQ on MLA style and some guidelines for citing sources.