Evanston: American Theological Library Association, 1949–. The most thorough database for articles, books, selections in books, and reviews for the field of religion, including theology, biblical studies, church history, comparative religions, archaeology and antiquities, and pastoral work.
http://www.ccel.org. A digital archive of key Christian historical texts and other material, such as the Early Church Fathers series; works of Boethius, Erasmus, and Luther; and modern works by G. K. Chesterton and Dorothy L. Sayers. Material can be searched or browsed by author, title, subject, or type of text.
http://www.utoronto.ca/religion/synopsis. A tool for comparing the text of the New Testament Gospels as well as several apocryphal texts, including the Gospel of Thomas, side-by-side. An interesting feature of this program is that users can locate the passages in different texts that deal with the same parables and events. The site is maintained by John W. Marshall of the Department for the Study of Religion, University of Toronto.
http://sacred-texts.com. A varied collection of texts on religion, mythology, folklore, and esoteric topics such as alchemy and UFOs, which can be browsed by religion, subject, or world region.
http://shamash.org/trb/judaism.html. A directory of selected Internet resources related to almost any aspect of Judaism and its history. The site includes annotated links on a variety of academic and social topics, with links to museums, libraries, organizations, and the government and news media of modern Israel. Maintained by Andrew Tannenbaum.
http://www.religiousworlds.com/index.html. Offers selective, annotated links to Web material on religious traditions, contemporary issues, religious experience, religious studies programs, and reference sources. Maintained by Gene R. Thursby of the University of Florida.
http://www.religionwriters.com/tools-resources/links-library-issues-and-current-topics. Offers a collection of sites useful to journalists covering religion as well as to anyone interested in how religion is reflected in contemporary culture and current affairs.
http://www.wabashcenter.wabash.edu/resources/guide_headings.aspx. A selective annotated directory of Web sites arranged by subject and type of material. Sites of particular note are highlighted, and the directory covers topics such as the history of Christianity, world religions, social issues, theology, and archaeology. Maintained by Charles K. Bellinger at Wabash College.
http://pewforum.org. A project that provides information about issues at the intersection of religion and public affairs based on news tracking and independent research. Sections cover religion and law, politics, social welfare, public schools, bioethics, international affairs, and timely topics such as evolution, stem cell research, same-sex marriage, and the death penalty. This site is funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts.
Ed. David Noel Freedman et al. 6 vols. New York: Doubleday, 1992. A definitive encyclopedia covering names, places, and events of the Bible as well as cultural history, social institutions, archaeological sites, and other topics of interest to biblical scholars.
Ed. Wade Clark Roof. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan Reference, 2000. Five hundred articles that address the religious pluralism of the United States and provide contemporary analyses of practices, traditions, and trends.
Ed. Robert E. Buswell. 2 vols. Detroit: Gale, 2004. Covers basic concepts and practices of Buddhism around the world, including art, architecture, rites, and festivals.
Ed. Denise Cush, Catherine Robinson, and Michael York. New York: Routledge, 2008. Offers over 900 articles of varying depth on terms and concepts related to Hinduism as a religious tradition as well as its social and cultural aspects.
2nd ed. 22 vols. Detroit: Macmillan Reference, 2007. An excellent source of information on Jewish culture and religion, offering in-depth scholarly articles and ample illustrations.
Ed. Richard C. Martin. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan Reference, 2004. Identifies and discusses important events, concepts, historical movements, and key figures in the Islamic world.
Ed. Hans H. Hillerbrand. 4 vols. New York: Routledge, 2004. Offers articles on traditions and faith groups; creeds and professions; historical events, movements, and figures; and cultural and social issues as they relate to Protestantism.
Ed. Lindsay Jones. 2nd ed. 16 vols. New York: Macmillan, 2005. Covers religions from around the world, including information about their ideas, histories, and cultures. The articles are written by experts in their fields and include excellent bibliographies.
Ed. Yves Bonnefoy. 2 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991. An encyclopedia surveying mythologies of the world, with articles on cosmology, cults, and myth traditions arranged in geographical sections. The articles are long and scholarly, and they are accompanied by illustrations and thorough bibliographies.
Ed. Bernard L. Marthaler. 2nd ed. 15 vols. Detroit: Gale Group, 2002. An authoritative source for Catholic theology, canon law, liturgical matters, and the church’s position on social issues such as euthanasia and biomedical research. This encyclopedia also has articles on the history of the church, biographical sketches, and institutions.
Ed. F. L. Cross. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. A compact compendium that contains vast amounts of information, with short, descriptive entries that run from Aaron to Zwingli. The entries provide concise starting points for understanding and identifying people, concepts, events, places, and biblical references that are important in Christian church history.
Ed. John L. Esposito. 4 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. Covers countries of the Islamic world and topics related to Islamic religion, history, and culture. The articles are long and scholarly as well as up-to-date.