Paris: Société Internationale de Bibliographie Classique (SIBC), 1924/26–. The most thorough database available for classics, covering books and articles on all aspects of Greek and Latin cultures, including archaeology, literature, and philosophy. The index is international in scope and includes works in all languages.
Irvine: University of California, Irvine, 2000–. This online archive includes every Greek text in existence from the age of Homer (eighth century BCE) to 600 CE, as well as most Greek texts up to the fall of Byzantium.
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/amphoras/tocs.html. A Web-based index of the contents of 185 classics journals and collections of essays compiled by a team of classics scholars. Though most of the references date only to the early 1990s, when the project was started, some older material is included. The entries provide basic bibliographic information, with a few including abstracts and/or links to full text.
http://www.unc.edu/awmc. From the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, this site provides maps of the ancient world as well as sophisticated cartographic tools.
(The Beazley Archive, Oxford University) http://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/index.htm. Offers a dictionary and a searchable database of thousands of images of artwork, pottery, sculpture, and gems and photographs of ancient sites.
http://www.forumromanum.org. A vast collection of Latin texts, translations, and teaching materials for the study of the Roman world.
http://www.stoa.org/metis. Though little textual information is provided, links lead to animated panoramas of Greek archaeological sites, with options to scan a site or zoom in on specific areas. The site, a project of the Stoa Consortium, includes links to related materials on the Perseus Project Web site (see next entry).
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu. A digital library of resources for students researching the ancient world. Constructed and maintained by the Classics Department at Tufts University, the site focuses on ancient Greece and Rome and includes information on everything from lexicons to images, maps, art, and ancient texts and translations.
Ed. T. James Luce. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan Library Reference, 1982. Offers lengthy critiques and overviews of the works of classical writers. Each essay is written by an expert and is followed by a selected bibliography of editions, translations, commentaries, and criticism.
Ed. Christine F. Salazar and David E. Orton. 20 vols. Leiden: Brill, 2002. The most complete encyclopedia of classics, including antiquity and the classical tradition.
Ed. I. E. S. Edwards et al. 3rd ed. 14 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970–. Covers the ancient world chronologically and includes chapters written by experts in particular eras. Individual volumes are updated periodically; some volumes are still in their second edition. There is a separate volume of plates for the first two volumes.
Ed. Michael Grant and Rachel Kitzinger. 3 vols. New York: Scribner, 1988. Provides lengthy articles on such topics as language and dialects, farming and animal husbandry, myths and cosmologies, women in the ancient world, and building techniques.
Ed. Simon Hornblower and Anthony Spawforth. Rev. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Provides concise and informative articles on people, places, events, works of art, and figures in mythology. It is a well-regarded classic in the field.
Ed. M. C. Howatson. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989. A handy guide to writers and works from classical times, with concise discussions of the social and cultural context of the literature.
Ed. Eric M. Meyers. 5 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Covers archaeological sites, regions, countries, and peoples in the Near East, from prehistoric times through the Crusades. The work also covers specific areas of archaeology, such as ethics, history, and underwater archaeology.
Ed. Jane Davidson Reid. 2 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. Lists examples of Western art from medieval to modern times that use figures and subjects from classical mythology as themes. Paintings, sculptures, musical compositions, ballets, and literary works are included.
By Robert E. Bell. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 1989. Provides descriptions of significant locations referred to in classical mythology and literature.